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terça-feira, 20 de junho de 2017

Abordando a instalação do Oracle em modo texto no Linux

Por Eduardo Legatti

Olá,

Instalações do software Oracle em sistemas Linux, em muitos casos são feitas utilizando a interface gráfica GNOME, KDE ou similares. Através do VNC, é possível acessar remotamente o servidor e realizar a instalação do Oracle. No entanto, não é todo servidor que possui a interface gráfica instalada, e nesse caso, a única solução é realizar a instalação utilizando o modo silencioso (silent) através de um arquivo de resposta (response file). Portanto, segue abaixo a instalação do Oracle 11g (11.2.0.4) e posteriormente a criação de um banco de dados através do DBCA também em modo texto.

Para a instalação do software Oracle, utilizarei o arquivo db_install.rsp criado após a descompactação dos arquivos de instalação abaixo. 
  • p13390677_112040_Linux-x86-64_1of7.zip
  • p13390677_112040_Linux-x86-64_2of7.zip
O sistema operacional utilizado é o Linux Centos 7.3 (x64).

[oracle@linux1 ~]$ cat /install/database/response/db_install.rsp
####################################################################
## Copyright(c) Oracle Corporation 1998,2013. All rights reserved.##
##                                                                ##
## Specify values for the variables listed below to customize     ##
## your installation.                                             ##
##                                                                ##
## Each variable is associated with a comment. The comment        ##
## can help to populate the variables with the appropriate        ##
## values.                                                        ##
##                                                                ##
## IMPORTANT NOTE: This file contains plain text passwords and    ##
## should be secured to have read permission only by oracle user  ##
## or db administrator who owns this installation.                ##
##                                                                ##
####################################################################

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Do not change the following system generated value. 
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.responseFileVersion=/install/database/response/db_install.rsp

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the installation option.
# It can be one of the following:
#   - INSTALL_DB_SWONLY
#   - INSTALL_DB_AND_CONFIG
#   - UPGRADE_DB
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.option=INSTALL_DB_SWONLY

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the hostname of the system as set during the install. It can be used
# to force the installation to use an alternative hostname rather than using the
# first hostname found on the system. (e.g., for systems with multiple hostnames 
# and network interfaces)
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ORACLE_HOSTNAME=Linux1

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the Unix group to be set for the inventory directory.  
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
UNIX_GROUP_NAME=oinstall

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the location which holds the inventory files.
# This is an optional parameter if installing on
# Windows based Operating System.
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
INVENTORY_LOCATION=/u01/app/oraInventory

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the languages in which the components will be installed.             
# 
# en   : English                  ja   : Japanese                  
# fr   : French                   ko   : Korean                    
# ar   : Arabic                   es   : Latin American Spanish    
# bn   : Bengali                  lv   : Latvian                   
# pt_BR: Brazilian Portuguese     lt   : Lithuanian                
# bg   : Bulgarian                ms   : Malay                     
# fr_CA: Canadian French          es_MX: Mexican Spanish           
# ca   : Catalan                  no   : Norwegian                 
# hr   : Croatian                 pl   : Polish                    
# cs   : Czech                    pt   : Portuguese                
# da   : Danish                   ro   : Romanian                  
# nl   : Dutch                    ru   : Russian                   
# ar_EG: Egyptian                 zh_CN: Simplified Chinese        
# en_GB: English (Great Britain)  sk   : Slovak                    
# et   : Estonian                 sl   : Slovenian                 
# fi   : Finnish                  es_ES: Spanish                   
# de   : German                   sv   : Swedish                   
# el   : Greek                    th   : Thai                      
# iw   : Hebrew                   zh_TW: Traditional Chinese       
# hu   : Hungarian                tr   : Turkish                   
# is   : Icelandic                uk   : Ukrainian                 
# in   : Indonesian               vi   : Vietnamese                
# it   : Italian                                                   
#
# all_langs   : All languages
#
# Specify value as the following to select any of the languages.
# Example : SELECTED_LANGUAGES=en,fr,ja
#
# Specify value as the following to select all the languages.
# Example : SELECTED_LANGUAGES=all_langs  
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SELECTED_LANGUAGES=en,pt_BR

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the complete path of the Oracle Home.
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the complete path of the Oracle Base. 
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the installation edition of the component.                        
#                                                             
# The value should contain only one of these choices.        
#   - EE     : Enterprise Edition                                
#   - SE     : Standard Edition                                  
#   - SEONE  : Standard Edition One
#   - PE     : Personal Edition (WINDOWS ONLY)
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.InstallEdition=EE

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This variable is used to enable or disable custom install and is considered
# only if InstallEdition is EE.
#
# true  : Components mentioned as part of 'optionalComponents' property
#         are considered for install.
# false : Value for 'optionalComponents' is not considered.
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.EEOptionsSelection=true

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This variable is considered only if 'EEOptionsSelection' is set to true. 
#
# Description: List of Enterprise Edition Options you would like to enable.
#
#              The following choices are available. You may specify any
#              combination of these choices.  The components you choose should
#              be specified in the form "internal-component-name:version"
#              Below is a list of components you may specify to enable.
#        
#              oracle.oraolap:11.2.0.4.0 - Oracle OLAP
#              oracle.rdbms.dm:11.2.0.4.0 - Oracle Data Mining
#              oracle.rdbms.dv:11.2.0.4.0 - Oracle Database Vault
#              oracle.rdbms.lbac:11.2.0.4.0 - Oracle Label Security
#              oracle.rdbms.partitioning:11.2.0.4.0 - Oracle Partitioning
#              oracle.rdbms.rat:11.2.0.4.0 - Oracle Real Application Testing
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.optionalComponents=oracle.rdbms.partitioning:11.2.0.4.0

###############################################################################
#                                                                             #
# PRIVILEGED OPERATING SYSTEM GROUPS                                          #
# ------------------------------------------                                  #
# Provide values for the OS groups to which OSDBA and OSOPER privileges       #
# needs to be granted. If the install is being performed as a member of the   #  
# group "dba", then that will be used unless specified otherwise below.       #
#                                                                             #
# The value to be specified for OSDBA and OSOPER group is only for UNIX based #
# Operating System.                                                           #
#                                                                             #
###############################################################################

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The DBA_GROUP is the OS group which is to be granted OSDBA privileges.
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.DBA_GROUP=dba

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# The OPER_GROUP is the OS group which is to be granted OSOPER privileges.
# The value to be specified for OSOPER group is optional.
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.OPER_GROUP=dba

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the cluster node names selected during the installation.
# Example : oracle.install.db.CLUSTER_NODES=node1,node2
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.CLUSTER_NODES=

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This variable is used to enable or disable RAC One Node install.
#
#   - true  : Value of RAC One Node service name is used.
#   - false : Value of RAC One Node service name is not used.
#
# If left blank, it will be assumed to be false
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.isRACOneInstall=

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the name for RAC One Node Service. 
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.racOneServiceName=

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the type of database to create.
# It can be one of the following:
#   - GENERAL_PURPOSE/TRANSACTION_PROCESSING             
#   - DATA_WAREHOUSE                                
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.type=

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the Starter Database Global Database Name. 
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.globalDBName=

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the Starter Database SID.
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.SID=

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the Starter Database character set.
#                                              
# It can be one of the following:
# AL32UTF8, WE8ISO8859P15, WE8MSWIN1252, EE8ISO8859P2,
# EE8MSWIN1250, NE8ISO8859P10, NEE8ISO8859P4, BLT8MSWIN1257,
# BLT8ISO8859P13, CL8ISO8859P5, CL8MSWIN1251, AR8ISO8859P6,
# AR8MSWIN1256, EL8ISO8859P7, EL8MSWIN1253, IW8ISO8859P8,
# IW8MSWIN1255, JA16EUC, JA16EUCTILDE, JA16SJIS, JA16SJISTILDE,
# KO16MSWIN949, ZHS16GBK, TH8TISASCII, ZHT32EUC, ZHT16MSWIN950,
# ZHT16HKSCS, WE8ISO8859P9, TR8MSWIN1254, VN8MSWIN1258
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.characterSet=

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This variable should be set to true if Automatic Memory Management 
# in Database is desired.
# If Automatic Memory Management is not desired, and memory allocation
# is to be done manually, then set it to false.
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.memoryOption=true

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the total memory allocation for the database. Value(in MB) should be
# at least 256 MB, and should not exceed the total physical memory available 
# on the system.
# Example: oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.memoryLimit=512
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.memoryLimit=

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This variable controls whether to load Example Schemas onto
# the starter database or not.
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.installExampleSchemas=false

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This variable includes enabling audit settings, configuring password profiles
# and revoking some grants to public. These settings are provided by default. 
# These settings may also be disabled.    
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.enableSecuritySettings=true

###############################################################################
#                                                                             #
# Passwords can be supplied for the following four schemas in the             #
# starter database:                                                           #
#   SYS                                                                       #
#   SYSTEM                                                                    #
#   SYSMAN (used by Enterprise Manager)                                       #
#   DBSNMP (used by Enterprise Manager)                                       #
#                                                                             #
# Same password can be used for all accounts (not recommended)                #
# or different passwords for each account can be provided (recommended)       #
#                                                                             #
###############################################################################

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This variable holds the password that is to be used for all schemas in the
# starter database.
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.password.ALL=

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the SYS password for the starter database.
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.password.SYS=

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the SYSTEM password for the starter database.
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.password.SYSTEM=

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the SYSMAN password for the starter database.
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.password.SYSMAN=

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the DBSNMP password for the starter database.
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.password.DBSNMP=

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the management option to be selected for the starter database. 
# It can be one of the following:
#   - GRID_CONTROL
#   - DB_CONTROL
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.control=DB_CONTROL

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the Management Service to use if Grid Control is selected to manage 
# the database.      
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.gridcontrol.gridControlServiceURL=

###############################################################################
#                                                                             #
# SPECIFY BACKUP AND RECOVERY OPTIONS                                         #
# ------------------------------------                                        #
# Out-of-box backup and recovery options for the database can be mentioned    #
# using the entries below.                                                    # 
#                                                                             #
###############################################################################

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This variable is to be set to false if automated backup is not required. Else 
# this can be set to true.
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.automatedBackup.enable=false

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Regardless of the type of storage that is chosen for backup and recovery, if 
# automated backups are enabled, a job will be scheduled to run daily to backup 
# the database. This job will run as the operating system user that is 
# specified in this variable.
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.automatedBackup.osuid=

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Regardless of the type of storage that is chosen for backup and recovery, if 
# automated backups are enabled, a job will be scheduled to run daily to backup 
# the database. This job will run as the operating system user specified by the 
# above entry. The following entry stores the password for the above operating 
# system user.
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.automatedBackup.ospwd=

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the type of storage to use for the database.
# It can be one of the following:
#   - FILE_SYSTEM_STORAGE
#   - ASM_STORAGE
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.storageType=

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the database file location which is a directory for datafiles, control
# files, redo logs.         
#
# Applicable only when oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.storage=FILE_SYSTEM_STORAGE 
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.fileSystemStorage.dataLocation=

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the backup and recovery location.
#
# Applicable only when oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.storage=FILE_SYSTEM_STORAGE 
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.fileSystemStorage.recoveryLocation=

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the existing ASM disk groups to be used for storage.
#
# Applicable only when oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.storage=ASM_STORAGE
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.config.asm.diskGroup=

#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the password for ASMSNMP user of the ASM instance.                  
#
# Applicable only when oracle.install.db.config.starterdb.storage=ASM_STORAGE 
#-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.install.db.config.asm.ASMSNMPPassword=

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the My Oracle Support Account Username.
#
#  Example   : MYORACLESUPPORT_USERNAME=abc@oracle.com
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
MYORACLESUPPORT_USERNAME=

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the My Oracle Support Account Username password.
#
# Example    : MYORACLESUPPORT_PASSWORD=password
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
MYORACLESUPPORT_PASSWORD=

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify whether to enable the user to set the password for
# My Oracle Support credentials. The value can be either true or false.
# If left blank it will be assumed to be false.
#
# Example    : SECURITY_UPDATES_VIA_MYORACLESUPPORT=true
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SECURITY_UPDATES_VIA_MYORACLESUPPORT=

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify whether user doesn't want to configure Security Updates.
# The value for this variable should be true if you don't want to configure
# Security Updates, false otherwise. 
#
# The value can be either true or false. If left blank it will be assumed
# to be false.
#
# Example    : DECLINE_SECURITY_UPDATES=false
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
DECLINE_SECURITY_UPDATES=true

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the Proxy server name. Length should be greater than zero.
#
# Example    : PROXY_HOST=proxy.domain.com 
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
PROXY_HOST=

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the proxy port number. Should be Numeric and at least 2 chars.
#
# Example    : PROXY_PORT=25 
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
PROXY_PORT=

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the proxy user name. Leave PROXY_USER and PROXY_PWD 
# blank if your proxy server requires no authentication.
#
# Example    : PROXY_USER=username 
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
PROXY_USER=

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the proxy password. Leave PROXY_USER and PROXY_PWD  
# blank if your proxy server requires no authentication.
#
# Example    : PROXY_PWD=password 
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
PROXY_PWD=

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the proxy realm. This value is used if auto-updates option is selected.
#
# Example    : PROXY_REALM=metalink 
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
PROXY_REALM=

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the Oracle Support Hub URL. 
# 
# Example    : COLLECTOR_SUPPORTHUB_URL=https://orasupporthub.company.com:8080/
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
COLLECTOR_SUPPORTHUB_URL=

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the auto-updates option. It can be one of the following:
#   - MYORACLESUPPORT_DOWNLOAD
#   - OFFLINE_UPDATES
#   - SKIP_UPDATES
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.installer.autoupdates.option=SKIP_UPDATES
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# In case MYORACLESUPPORT_DOWNLOAD option is chosen, specify the location where
# the updates are to be downloaded.
# In case OFFLINE_UPDATES option is chosen, specify the location where the updates 
# are present.
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
oracle.installer.autoupdates.downloadUpdatesLoc=
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the My Oracle Support Account Username which has the patches download privileges  
# to be used for software updates.
#  Example   : AUTOUPDATES_MYORACLESUPPORT_USERNAME=abc@oracle.com
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
AUTOUPDATES_MYORACLESUPPORT_USERNAME=

#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Specify the My Oracle Support Account Username password which has the patches download privileges  
# to be used for software updates.
#
# Example    : AUTOUPDATES_MYORACLESUPPORT_PASSWORD=password
#------------------------------------------------------------------------------
AUTOUPDATES_MYORACLESUPPORT_PASSWORD=

Uma vez informada as opções de instalação no arquivo db_install.rsp, irei iniciar a instalação conforme demonstrado abaixo.

[oracle@linux1 ~]$ cd /install/database
[oracle@linux1 ~]$ ./runInstaller -silent -responseFile /install/database/response/db_install.rsp -waitforcompletion -ignorePrereq -showProgress
Starting Oracle Universal Installer...

Checking Temp space: must be greater than 120 MB.   Actual 76999 MB    Passed
Checking swap space: must be greater than 150 MB.   Actual 3066 MB    Passed
Preparing to launch Oracle Universal Installer from /tmp/OraInstall2017-06-19_08-45-47AM. Please wait ...You can find the log of this install session at:
 /u01/app/oraInventory/logs/installActions2017-06-20_06-45-47AM.log

Prepare in progress.
..................................................   9% Done.

Prepare successful.

Copy files in progress.
..................................................   14% Done.
..................................................   20% Done.
..................................................   26% Done.
..................................................   31% Done.
..................................................   36% Done.
..................................................   44% Done.
..................................................   49% Done.
..................................................   54% Done.
..................................................   59% Done.
..................................................   64% Done.
..................................................   69% Done.
..................................................   74% Done.
..................................................   79% Done.
..................................................   84% Done.
....................
Copy files successful.

Link binaries in progress.
..........
Link binaries successful.

Setup files in progress.
..................................................   89% Done.
..................................................   94% Done.

Setup files successful.
The installation of Oracle Database 11g was successful.
Please check '/u01/app/oraInventory/logs/silentInstall2017-06-20_06-45-47AM.log' for more details.

Execute Root Scripts in progress.

As a root user, execute the following script(s):
        1. /u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh
        2. /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/root.sh


..................................................   100% Done.

Execute Root Scripts successful.

Após a instalação, será necessário executar os scripts shell a seguir com o usuário root.

[root@linux1 ~]# /u01/app/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh
Changing permissions of /u01/app/oraInventory.
Adding read,write permissions for group.
Removing read,write,execute permissions for world.

Changing groupname of /u01/app/oraInventory to oinstall.
The execution of the script is complete.

[root@linux1 ~]# /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/root.sh
Check /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/install/root_linux1_2017-06-20_06-59-50.log for the output of root script

Como já demonstrado no artigo de Outubro/2011, o próximo passo é criar um banco de dados utilizando o utilitário DBCA em modo texto. Neste caso irei editar clonar o template New_Database.dbt com o nome de New_Database2.dbt e editá-lo conforme abaixo. Vale a pena salientar que dentro do template irei criar uma variável com nome de {ORADATA} que será usada para o destino dos arquivos do banco de dados BD01. Obs: Para fins estéticos, abaixo eu substituí os caracteres maior/menor por colchetes.

[oracle@linux1 ~]$ cat /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/assistants/dbca/templates/New_Database2.dbt
[DatabaseTemplate name="New Database" description="" version="11.2.0.0.0"]
   [CommonAttributes]
      [option name="OMS" value="false"/]
      [option name="JSERVER" value="false"/]
      [option name="SPATIAL" value="false"/]
      [option name="IMEDIA" value="false"/]
      [option name="ORACLE_TEXT" value="false"]
         [tablespace id="SYSAUX"/]
      [/option]
      [option name="XDB_PROTOCOLS" value="false"]
         [tablespace id="SYSAUX"/]
      [/option]
      [option name="CWMLITE" value="false"]
         [tablespace id="SYSAUX"/]
      [/option]
      [option name="EM_REPOSITORY" value="false"]
         [tablespace id="SYSAUX"/]
      [/option]
      [option name="SAMPLE_SCHEMA" value="false"/]
      [option name="APEX" value="false"/]
      [option name="OWB" value="false"/]
      [option name="DV" value="false"/]
   [/CommonAttributes]
   [Variables/]
   [CustomScripts Execute="false"/]
   [InitParamAttributes]
      [InitParams]
         [initParam name="db_block_size" value="8" unit="KB"/]
         [initParam name="memory_target" value="250" unit="MB"/]
         [initParam name="open_cursors" value="300"/]
         [initParam name="undo_tablespace" value="UNDOTBS1"/]
         [initParam name="control_files" value="("{ORADATA}/oradata/{DB_UNIQUE_NAME}/control01.ctl", "{ORADATA}/oradata/{DB_UNIQUE_NAME}/control02.ctl", "{ORADATA}/oradata/{DB_UNIQUE_NAME}/control03.ctl")"/]

         [initParam name="compatible" value="11.2.0.0.0"/]
         [initParam name="processes" value="150"/]
         [initParam name="audit_file_dest" value="{ORACLE_BASE}/admin/{DB_UNIQUE_NAME}/adump"/]
         [initParam name="audit_trail" value="db"/]
         [initParam name="diagnostic_dest" value="{ORACLE_BASE}"/]
         [initParam name="remote_login_passwordfile" value="EXCLUSIVE"/]
         [initParam name="dispatchers" value="(PROTOCOL=TCP) (SERVICE={SID}XDB)"/]
         [initParam name="db_recovery_file_dest" value="{ORACLE_BASE}/fast_recovery_area"/]
         [initParam name="db_recovery_file_dest_size" value="" unit="MB"/]
      [/InitParams]
      [MiscParams]
         [databaseType]OLTP[/databaseType]
         [maxUserConn]20[/maxUserConn]
         [percentageMemTOSGA]40[/percentageMemTOSGA]
         [customSGA]true[/customSGA]
         [archiveLogMode]false[/archiveLogMode]
         [initParamFileName]{ORACLE_BASE}/admin/{DB_UNIQUE_NAME}/pfile/init.ora[/initParamFileName]
      [/MiscParams]
      [SPfile useSPFile="true"]{ORACLE_HOME}/dbs/spfile{SID}.ora[/SPfile]
   [/InitParamAttributes]
   [StorageAttributes]
      [ControlfileAttributes id="Controlfile"]
         [maxDatafiles]100[/maxDatafiles]
         [maxLogfiles]16[/maxLogfiles]
         [maxLogMembers]3[/maxLogMembers]
         [maxLogHistory]1[/maxLogHistory]
         [maxInstances]8[/maxInstances]
         [image name="control01.ctl" filepath="{ORADATA}/oradata/{DB_UNIQUE_NAME}/"/]
         [image name="control02.ctl" filepath="{ORADATA}/oradata/{DB_UNIQUE_NAME}/"/]
         [image name="control03.ctl" filepath="{ORADATA}/oradata/{DB_UNIQUE_NAME}/"/]

      [/ControlfileAttributes]
      [DatafileAttributes id="{ORADATA}/oradata/{DB_UNIQUE_NAME}/sysaux01.dbf"]
         [tablespace]SYSAUX[/tablespace]
         [temporary]false[/temporary]
         [online]true[/online]
         [status]0[/status]
         [size unit="MB"]600[/size]
         [reuse]true[/reuse]
         [autoExtend]true[/autoExtend]
         [increment unit="KB"]10240[/increment]
         [maxSize unit="MB"]-1[/maxSize]
      [/DatafileAttributes]
      [DatafileAttributes id="{ORADATA}/oradata/{DB_UNIQUE_NAME}/users01.dbf"]
         [tablespace]USERS[/tablespace]
         [temporary]false[/temporary]
         [online]true[/online]
         [status]0[/status]
         [size unit="MB"]5[/size]
         [reuse]true[/reuse]
         [autoExtend]true[/autoExtend]
         [increment unit="KB"]1280[/increment]
         [maxSize unit="MB"]-1[/maxSize]
      [/DatafileAttributes]
      [DatafileAttributes id="{ORADATA}/oradata/{DB_UNIQUE_NAME}/system01.dbf"]
         [tablespace]SYSTEM[/tablespace]
         [temporary]false[/temporary]
         [online]true[/online]
         [status]0[/status]
         [size unit="MB"]700[/size]
         [reuse]true[/reuse]
         [autoExtend]true[/autoExtend]
         [increment unit="KB"]10240[/increment]
         [maxSize unit="MB"]-1[/maxSize]
      [/DatafileAttributes]
      [DatafileAttributes id="{ORADATA}/oradata/{DB_UNIQUE_NAME}/temp01.dbf"]
         [tablespace]TEMP[/tablespace]
         [temporary]false[/temporary]
         [online]true[/online]
         [status]0[/status]
         [size unit="MB"]20[/size]
         [reuse]true[/reuse]
         [autoExtend]true[/autoExtend]
         [increment unit="KB"]640[/increment]
         [maxSize unit="MB"]-1[/maxSize]
      [/DatafileAttributes]
      [DatafileAttributes id="{ORADATA}/oradata/{DB_UNIQUE_NAME}/undotbs01.dbf"]
         [tablespace]UNDOTBS1[/tablespace]
         [temporary]false[/temporary]
         [online]true[/online]
         [status]0[/status]
         [size unit="MB"]200[/size]
         [reuse]true[/reuse]
         [autoExtend]true[/autoExtend]
         [increment unit="KB"]5120[/increment]
         [maxSize unit="MB"]-1[/maxSize]
      [/DatafileAttributes]
      [TablespaceAttributes id="SYSAUX"]
         [online]true[/online]
         [offlineMode]1[/offlineMode]
         [readOnly]false[/readOnly]
         [temporary]false[/temporary]
         [defaultTemp]false[/defaultTemp]
         [undo]false[/undo]
         [local]true[/local]
         [blockSize]-1[/blockSize]
         [allocation]1[/allocation]
         [uniAllocSize unit="KB"]-1[/uniAllocSize]
         [initSize unit="KB"]64[/initSize]
         [increment unit="KB"]64[/increment]
         [incrementPercent]50[/incrementPercent]
         [minExtends]1[/minExtends]
         [maxExtends]4096[/maxExtends]
         [minExtendsSize unit="KB"]64[/minExtendsSize]
         [logging]true[/logging]
         [recoverable]false[/recoverable]
         [maxFreeSpace]0[/maxFreeSpace]
         [bigfile]false[/bigfile]
         [datafilesList]
            [TablespaceDatafileAttributes id="{ORADATA}/oradata/{DB_UNIQUE_NAME}/sysaux01.dbf"]
               [id]-1[/id]
            [/TablespaceDatafileAttributes]
         [/datafilesList]
      [/TablespaceAttributes]
      [TablespaceAttributes id="USERS"]
         [online]true[/online]
         [offlineMode]1[/offlineMode]
         [readOnly]false[/readOnly]
         [temporary]false[/temporary]
         [defaultTemp]false[/defaultTemp]
         [undo]false[/undo]
         [local]true[/local]
         [blockSize]-1[/blockSize]
         [allocation]1[/allocation]
         [uniAllocSize unit="KB"]-1[/uniAllocSize]
         [initSize unit="KB"]128[/initSize]
         [increment unit="KB"]128[/increment]
         [incrementPercent]0[/incrementPercent]
         [minExtends]1[/minExtends]
         [maxExtends]4096[/maxExtends]
         [minExtendsSize unit="KB"]128[/minExtendsSize]
         [logging]true[/logging]
         [recoverable]false[/recoverable]
         [maxFreeSpace]0[/maxFreeSpace]
         [bigfile]false[/bigfile]
         [datafilesList]
            [TablespaceDatafileAttributes id="{ORADATA}/oradata/{DB_UNIQUE_NAME}/users01.dbf"]
               [id]-1[/id]
            [/TablespaceDatafileAttributes]
         [/datafilesList]
      [/TablespaceAttributes]
      [TablespaceAttributes id="SYSTEM"]
         [online]true[/online]
         [offlineMode]1[/offlineMode]
         [readOnly]false[/readOnly]
         [temporary]false[/temporary]
         [defaultTemp]false[/defaultTemp]
         [undo]false[/undo]
         [local]true[/local]
         [blockSize]-1[/blockSize]
         [allocation]3[/allocation]
         [uniAllocSize unit="KB"]-1[/uniAllocSize]
         [initSize unit="KB"]64[/initSize]
         [increment unit="KB"]64[/increment]
         [incrementPercent]50[/incrementPercent]
         [minExtends]1[/minExtends]
         [maxExtends]-1[/maxExtends]
         [minExtendsSize unit="KB"]64[/minExtendsSize]
         [logging]true[/logging]
         [recoverable]false[/recoverable]
         [maxFreeSpace]0[/maxFreeSpace]
         [bigfile]false[/bigfile]
         [datafilesList]
            [TablespaceDatafileAttributes id="{ORADATA}/oradata/{DB_UNIQUE_NAME}/system01.dbf"]
               [id]-1[/id]
            [/TablespaceDatafileAttributes]
         [/datafilesList]
      [/TablespaceAttributes]
      [TablespaceAttributes id="TEMP"]
         [online]true[/online]
         [offlineMode]1[/offlineMode]
         [readOnly]false[/readOnly]
         [temporary]true[/temporary]
         [defaultTemp]true[/defaultTemp]
         [undo]false[/undo]
         [local]true[/local]
         [blockSize]-1[/blockSize]
         [allocation]1[/allocation]
         [uniAllocSize unit="KB"]-1[/uniAllocSize]
         [initSize unit="KB"]64[/initSize]
         [increment unit="KB"]64[/increment]
         [incrementPercent]0[/incrementPercent]
         [minExtends]1[/minExtends]
         [maxExtends]0[/maxExtends]
         [minExtendsSize unit="KB"]64[/minExtendsSize]
         [logging]true[/logging]
         [recoverable]false[/recoverable]
         [maxFreeSpace]0[/maxFreeSpace]
         [bigfile]false[/bigfile]
         [datafilesList]
            [TablespaceDatafileAttributes id="{ORADATA}/oradata/{DB_UNIQUE_NAME}/temp01.dbf"]
               [id]-1[/id]
            [/TablespaceDatafileAttributes]
         [/datafilesList]
      [/TablespaceAttributes]
      [TablespaceAttributes id="UNDOTBS1"]
         [online]true[/online]
         [offlineMode]1[/offlineMode]
         [readOnly]false[/readOnly]
         [temporary]false[/temporary]
         [defaultTemp]false[/defaultTemp]
         [undo]true[/undo]
         [local]true[/local]
         [blockSize]-1[/blockSize]
         [allocation]1[/allocation]
         [uniAllocSize unit="KB"]-1[/uniAllocSize]
         [initSize unit="KB"]512[/initSize]
         [increment unit="KB"]512[/increment]
         [incrementPercent]50[/incrementPercent]
         [minExtends]8[/minExtends]
         [maxExtends]4096[/maxExtends]
         [minExtendsSize unit="KB"]512[/minExtendsSize]
         [logging]true[/logging]
         [recoverable]false[/recoverable]
         [maxFreeSpace]0[/maxFreeSpace]
         [bigfile]false[/bigfile]
         [datafilesList]
            [TablespaceDatafileAttributes id="{ORADATA}/oradata/{DB_UNIQUE_NAME}/undotbs01.dbf"]
               [id]-1[/id]
            [/TablespaceDatafileAttributes]
         [/datafilesList]
      [/TablespaceAttributes]
      [RedoLogGroupAttributes id="1"]
         [reuse]false[/reuse]
         [fileSize unit="KB"]51200[/fileSize]
         [Thread]1[/Thread]
         [member ordinal="0" memberName="redo01.log" filepath="{ORADATA}/oradata/{DB_UNIQUE_NAME}/"/]
      [/RedoLogGroupAttributes]
      [RedoLogGroupAttributes id="2"]
         [reuse]false[/reuse]
         [fileSize unit="KB"]51200[/fileSize]
         [Thread]1[/Thread]
         [member ordinal="0" memberName="redo02.log" filepath="{ORADATA}/oradata/{DB_UNIQUE_NAME}/"/]
      [/RedoLogGroupAttributes]
      [RedoLogGroupAttributes id="3"]
         [reuse]false[/reuse]
         [fileSize unit="KB"]51200[/fileSize]
         [Thread]1[/Thread]
         [member ordinal="0" memberName="redo03.log" filepath="{ORADATA}/oradata/{DB_UNIQUE_NAME}/"/]
      [/RedoLogGroupAttributes]
   [/StorageAttributes]
[/DatabaseTemplate]

Uma vez configurado o arquivo de resposta do DBCA, realizarei a seguir a criação do banco de dados BD01.

[oracle@linux1 ~]$ dbca -silent 
                        -createDatabase
                        -templateName New_Database2.dbt
                        -gdbName BD01
                        -sysPassword manager
                        -systemPassword manager
                        -characterset WE8MSWIN1252
                        -nationalCharacterSet AL16UTF16
                        -emConfiguration NONE
                        -databaseType OLTP
                        -variables ORADATA=/data/
Creating and starting Oracle instance
2% complete
3% complete
5% complete
12% complete
Creating database files
13% complete
25% complete
Creating data dictionary views
28% complete
32% complete
36% complete
37% complete
38% complete
39% complete
40% complete
41% complete
42% complete
43% complete
44% complete
45% complete
46% complete
47% complete
48% complete
55% complete
59% complete
62% complete
63% complete
66% complete
Completing Database Creation
70% complete
73% complete
77% complete
88% complete
100% complete
Look at the log file "/u01/app/oracle/cfgtoollogs/dbca/BD01/BD01.log" for further details.

Como último passo, basta apenas iniciar o processo do LISTENER conforme a seguir.

[oracle@linux1 ~]$ lsnrctl start

LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.2.0.4.0 - Production on 20-JUN-2017 07:06:39

Copyright (c) 1991, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Starting /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/bin/tnslsnr: please wait...

TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.2.0.4.0 - Production
Log messages written to /u01/app/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/linux1/listener/alert/log.xml
Listening on: (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=linux1)(PORT=1521)))

Connecting to (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=)(PORT=1521))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias                     LISTENER
Version                   TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.2.0.4.0 - Production
Start Date                20-JUN-2017 07:06:40
Uptime                    0 days 0 hr. 0 min. 1 sec
Trace Level               off
Security                  ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP                      OFF
Listener Log File         /u01/app/oracle/diag/tnslsnr/linux1/listener/alert/log.xml
Listening Endpoints Summary...
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=linux1)(PORT=1521)))
The listener supports no services
The command completed successfully

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6 comentários:

Cesar Carvalho disse...

Muito bom, parabéns!

César Carvalho
DBA

Eduardo Legatti disse...

Olá César,

Obrigado pela visita!

Abraços

Legatti

Banco de Dados disse...

Parabéns, gostei muito!




Leandro

Eduardo Legatti disse...

Olá Leandro,

Obrigado pelo comentários e pela visita!

Abraços,

Legatti

Ricardo Correia disse...

Muito bom o artigo, parabéns

Eduardo Legatti disse...

Olá Ricardo,

Obrigado pela visita!

Abraços

Legatti

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